UFO & Sightings Quotes

UFO & Sightings Quotes
UFO & Sightings Quotes

U.S. Military/Intelligence/Astronauts

American Astronauts

Colonel L. Gordon Cooper, Mercury 9, Gemini 5 Astronaut:

I wanted to convey to you my views on our extraterrestrial visitors popularly referred to as UFOs, and suggest what might be done to properly deal with them.

I believe that these extraterrestrial vehicles and their crews are visiting this planet from other planets, which obviously are a little more technically advanced than we are here on earth. I feel that we need to have a top level, coordinated program to scientifically collect and analyze data from all over the earth concerning any type of encounter, and to determine how best to interface with these visitors in a friendly fashion. We may first have to show them that we have learned to resolve our problems by peaceful means, rather than warfare, before we are accepted as fully qualified universal team members. This acceptance would have tremendous possibilities of advancing our world in all areas. Certainly then it would seem that the UN has a vested interest in handling this subject properly and expeditiously.

I should point out that I am not an experienced UFO professional researcher. I have not yet had the privilege of flying a UFO, nor of meeting the crew of one. I do feel that I am somewhat qualified to discuss them since I have been into the fringes of the vast areas in which they travel. Also, I did have occasion in 1951 to have two days of observation of many flights of them, of different sizes, flying in fighter formation, generally from east to west over Europe. They were at a higher altitude than we could reach with our jet fighters of that time.

I would also like to point out that most astronauts are very reluctant to even discuss UFOs due to the great numbers of people who have indiscriminately sold fake stories and forged documents abusing their names and reputations without hesitation. Those few astronauts who have continued to have participation in the UFO field have had to do so very cautiously. There are several of us who do believe in UFOs and who have had occasion to see a UFO on the ground, or from an airplane. There was only one occasion from space which may have been a UFO.

If the UN agrees to pursue this project, and to lend their credibility to it, perhaps many more well qualified people will agree to step forth and provide help and information.

On several occasions, he described his own sighting in Germany in 1951:

Several days in a row we sighted groups of metallic, saucer shaped vehicles at great altitudes over the base, and we tried to get close to them, but they were able to change direction faster than our fighters. I do believe UFOs exist and that the truly unexplained ones are from some other technologically advanced civilization. From my association with aircraft and spacecraft, I think I have a pretty good idea of what everyone on this planet has and their performance capabilities, and I'm sure some of the UFOs at least are not from anywhere on Earth. (1978)

Capt. Donald Slayton, Mercury Astronaut:

I was testing a P-51 fighter in Minneapolis when I spotted this object. I was at about 10,000' on a nice, bright, sunny afternoon. I thought the object was a kite, then realized that no kite is gonna fly that high. As I got closer, it looked like a weather balloon, gray and about 3' in diameter. But as soon as I got behind the darn thing, it didn't look like a balloon anymore. It looked like a saucer, a disk. About that same time, I realized that it was suddenly going away from me, and there I was, running at about 300 miles an hour. I tracked it for a little while, and then all of sudden the damn thing just took off. It pulled about a 45 climbing turn and accelerated and just flat disappeared. A couple of days later, I was having a beer with my commanding officer, and I thought: What the hell, I'd better mention something to him about it. I did, and he told me to get on down to intelligence and give them a report. I did, and I never heard anything more on it. (1979)

Capt. Edgar Mitchell, Apollo 14 lunar module pilot and founder of the Institute of Noetic Sciences:

I've changed my position in the last two or three years, the last two years to be precise, to suggest that the evidence is strong enough that we really need to have serious open discussion and release of information that it is quite clear the government and other governments do hold, and that this become a part of our official knowledge. Now, whether it's true or not, it deserves to be handled with a serious investigation. There is too much smoke here not to be fire, and so I personally in the last couple of years have come out, 1 don't know the answers, but I've come out, and I say, this has gone far enough. If it's real, let's get it out in the open, let's break the deadlock that bureaucracy has on this. There is enough evidence pointing in the direction that clearly there is information being withheld. How far we can go with it, I don't know. (1991)

Al Worden, Apollo 15 astronaut who later became a poet. In a lengthy interview in a documentary produced for the 20th anniversary of the landing on the Moon, Worden discussed his views that Earth was probably visited in the past by extraterrestrial explorers. He began by commenting on the well known UFO interpretation of the vision of the prophet Ezekiel in the Bible:

And a literal translation describes very clearly a spacecraft with the ability to land vertically and take off vertically, and it was an object that looked very much like the Lunar Module that we used on the Moon, and if it's going to land vertically and takeoff vertically, it had to come from some place and go back some place.

In my mind the universe has to be cyclic, so that in one galaxy if there is a planet maybe that has arrived at the point of becoming unlivable, you will find in another part of a different galaxy a planet that has just formed which is perfect for habitation. I see some kind of intelligent being, like us, skipping around the universe from planet to planet as, let's say, the South Pacific Indians do on the islands, where they skip from island to island. When the first island blows up due to a volcano, they will have their progeny on all these other islands and they will be able to continue the species. I think that's what the alie] space program is all about.

I think we may be a combination of creatures that were living here on Earth some time in the past, and having a visitation, if you will, by creatures from somewhere else in the universe, and those two species getting together and having progeny. I am not at all convinced that we are not the result of that particular union some many thousands of years ago. If that is the case in fact, a very small group of explorers could land on a planet and create successors to themselves that would eventually take up the pursuit of, let's say, inhabiting the rest of the universe. (1989)

Commander Eugene Cernan, Commanded the Apollo 17 Mission:

I'm one of those guys who has never seen a UFO. But I've been asked, and I've said publicly I thought they were somebody else, some other civilization. (1973)

Dr. Story Musgrave, Space shuttle astronaut who flew on the repair mission of the Hubble Space Telescope:

I try to communicate with the life that's out there. I'm serious. It is not that far out. When I'm circling around out there, I try in whatever ways I can to get them to come down here and get me. (1993)

Russian Cosmonauts

Yevegni Khrunov, Soyuz-5 spacecraft pilot:

Is the presence of extraterrestrial civilizations conceivable? Of course. Before the uniqueness of the earth is demonstrated, this assumption should be taken as quite legitimate. As regards UFOs, their presence cannot be denied. Thousands of people have seen them. It may be that their source is optical effects, but some of their properties, for instance, their ability to change course by 90 at great speed, simply stagger the imagination. (1969)

Vladimir Kovalyonok, Major General of Aviation stated:

On May 5, 1981, we were in orbit, in the Salyut-6 space station. I saw an object that didn't resemble any cosmic objects I'm familiar with. It was a round object which resembled a melon, round and a little bit elongated. In front of this object was something that resembled a gyrating depressed cone. I can draw it, it's difficult to describe. The object resembles a barbell. I saw it becoming transparent and like with a body inside. At the other end I saw something like gas discharging, like a reactive object. Then something happened that is very difficult for me to describe from the point of view of physics. Last year in the magazine Nature I read about a physicist. We tried together to explain this phenomenon and we decided it was a plasmaform. I have to recognize that it did not have an artificial origin. It was not artificial because an artificial object couldn't attain this form. I don't know of anything that can make this movement...tightening, then expanding, pulsating. Then as I was observing, something happened, two explosions. One explosion, and then 0.5 seconds later, the second part exploded. I called my colleague Viktor Savinykh, but he didn't arrive in time to see anything.

What are the particulars? First conclusion, the object moved in a suborbital path, otherwise I wouldn't have been able to see it. There were two clouds, like smoke, that formed a barbell. It came near me and I watched it. Then we entered in to the shade for two or three minutes after this happened. When we came out of the shade we didn't see anything. But during a certain time, we and the craft were moving together. (1993)

Major General Pavel Popovich, pioneer Cosmonaut, Hero of the Soviet Union, and the President of Ail-Union Ufology Association of the Commonwealth of Independent States:

Today it can be stated with a high degree of confidence that observed manifestations of UFOs are no longer confined to the modern picture of the world, or the simple refutation of the orthodox natural science paradigm. The historical evidence of the phenomenon, the singularity of its newly gained kinematic, energetic, and psychophysical features allows us to hypothesize that ever since mankind has been coexisting with this extraordinary substance, it has manifested a high level of intelligence and technology. The UFO sightings have become the constant component of human activity and require a serious global study. In order to realize the position of man on earth and in the universe, ufology, the scientific study of the UFO phenomenon, should take place in the midst of other sciences dealing with man and the world.

The influence the UFO has on people, as well as the effects it produces, should become the items of special research. The UFO's interaction with the environment, the behavior that it motivates, and its genesis, also present interesting areas for concentrated study. Today, many specialists have come to the opinion that UFO phenomenon research should be taken up along with understanding and comprehension of other unexplained phenomena. The development of new approaches for the identification and study of energy and information processes will allow for an enthusiastic move toward the comprehension of the phenomenon. The results of these studies should aid the survival of the people on Earth.

It's necessary to carry out the popular ufological enlightenment, since the probability for a meeting of a person with a UFO exists, and this person should be ready for this event. Precautionary measures are especially important. It's necessary to tell the truth, which has been distorted previously by the politically engaged sciences and most recently by ufological dilettantes. The main purpose of the primary local groups, that of controlling the ufological situation, mustn't be forgotten. The ufologists should know all the UFO's landing places and contacts in their regions. They should have relations with the local authorities, and in particular, with the police, the civil defense bodies, as well as information, scientific, and medical organizations. (1992)

Major General E.B. LeBaily, USAF Director of Information:

Many of the reports that cannot be explained have come from intelligent and technically well qualified individuals whose integrity cannot be doubted. (1969)

General George S. Brown, USAF Chief of Staff, addressed the appearance of UFOs during the Vietnam War at a press conference:

I don't know whether this story has ever been told or not. They weren't called UFOs. They were called enemy helicopters. And they were only seen at night and they were only seen in certain places. They were seen up around the DMZ in the early summer of '68. And this resulted in quite a little battle. And in the course of this, an Australian destroyer took a hit and we never found any enemy, we only found ourselves when this had all been sorted out. And this caused some shooting there, and there was no enemy at all involved but we always reacted. Always after dark. The same thing happened up at Pleiku at the Highlands in '69. (1973)

Lt. Col. Lawrence J. Coyne, U.S. Army Reserve:

With the aircraft under my control, I observed the red-lighted object closing upon the helicopter at the same altitude at a high rate of speed. It became apparent a mid air collision was about to happen unless evasive action was taken. I looked out ahead of the helicopter and observed an aircraft I have never seen before. This craft positioned itself directly in front of the moving helicopter. This craft was 50 to 60 feet long with a grey metallic structure. On the front of this craft was a large steady bright red light. I could delineate where the red stopped on the structure of this craft because red was reflecting off the grey structure. The design of this craft was symmetrical in shape with a prominent aft indentation on the undercarriage. From this portion of the undercarriage, a green light, pyramid shaped, emerged with the light initially in the trail position. This green light then swung 90, coming directly into the front windshield and lighting up the entire cockpit of the aircraft. All colors inside the cabin of the helicopter were absorbed by this green light. That includes the instrument panel lights on the aircraft. As a result of my experience, I am convinced this object was real and that these types of incidents should require a thorough investigation. It is my own personal opinion that worldwide procedures need to be established to effectively study this phenomena through an international cooperative effort. The establishment of a Transponder Code for aircraft flying worldwide is needed, to identify to ground controllers that a pilot is indeed experiencing a UFO phenomena and that pilot anxiety can be reduced to provide safe effective flying, knowing he is under radar control. (1978)

Captain Edward J. Ruppelt, Chief of Project Blue Book:

Every time I get skeptical, I think of the other reports made by experienced pilots and radar operators, scientists, and other people who know what they are looking at. These reports were thoroughly investigated and they are still unknowns. We have no aircraft on this earth that can at will so handily outdistance our latest jets, The pilots, radar specialists, generals, industrialists, scientists, and the man on the street who have told me, 7 wouldn't have believed it either if I hadn't seen it myself, knew what they were talking about. Maybe the Earth is being visited by interplanetary space ships. (1956)

His comments on the Lubbock Lights case:

When four college professors, a geologist, a chemist, a physicist and a petroleum engineer report seeing the same UFOs on 14 different occasions, the event can be classified as, at least, unusual. Add the fact that hundreds of other people saw these UFOs and that they were photographed, and the story gets even better. Add a few more facts, that these UFOs were picked up on radar and that a few people got a close look at one of them, and the story begins to convince even the most ardent skeptic. (1956)

Victor Marchetti, former CIA official:

We have, indeed, been contacted - perhaps even visited - by extraterrestrial beings, and the U.S. government, in collusion with the other national powers of the earth, is determined to keep this information from the general public. The purpose of the international conspiracy is to maintain a workable stability among the nations of the world and for them, in turn, to retain institutional control over their respective populations. Thus, for these governments to admit that there are beings from outer space... with mentalities and technological capabilities obviously far superior to ours, could, once fully perceived by the average person, erode the foundations of the earth's traditional power structure. Political and legal systems, religions, economic and social institutions could all soon become meaningless in the mind of the public. The national oligarchical establishments, even civilization as we now know it, could collapse into anarchy. Such extreme conclusions are not necessarily valid, but they probably accurately reflect the fears of the ruling classes of the major nations, whose leaders, particularly those in the intelligence business, have always advocated excessive governmental secrecy as being necessary to preserve national security. (1979)

Commander Scott Carpenter, astronaut:

At no time, when the astronauts were in space were they alone: there was a constant surveillance by UFOs. (Undated)

Astronaut Cady Coleman NASA transmission shuttle mission STS-73:

Mission control, We have a UFO pacing our position, request instructions. (Undated)

Albert M. Chop, deputy public relations director, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, NASA, and former United States Air Force spokesman for Project Blue Book:

I've been convinced for a long time that the flying saucers are real and interplanetary. Another words we are being watched by beings from outer space. (Undated)

Astronaut Dr. Brian O'leary:

We have contact with alien cultures. (Undated)

Charles J. Camarda (Ph.D.) NASA Astronaut:

In my official status, I cannot comment on ET contact. However, personally, I can assure you, we are not alone. (Undated)

Lee Katchen, Former atmospheric physicist with NASA:

UFO sightings are now so common, the military doesn't have time to worry about them, so they screen them out. The major defense systems have UFO filters built into them, and when a UFO appears, they simply ignore it. (Undated)

Maurice Chatelain, former chief of NASA Communications Systems:

All Apollo and Gemini flights were followed, both at a distance and sometimes also quite closely, by space vehicles of extraterrestrial origin, flying saucers, or UFOs, if you want to call them by that name. Every time it occurred, the astronauts informed Mission Control, who then ordered absolute silence. (Undated)

Brigadier Gen. James McDivitt command pilot of the Gemini space craft:

When asked if he believed that UFO's were real: Yes as a matter of fact I do. He was also asked if he had ever seen a UFO and he said he had, on his Gemini mission. He went on to say that he tried to take a picture of it, but it did not come out. (1986)

NASA Pilot Joseph A. Walker:

On May 11, 1962 NASA pilot Joseph Walker said that one of his tasks was to detect UFOs during his X-15 flights. He had filmed five or six UFOs during his record breaking 50 mile high flight in April, 1962. It was the second time he had filmed UFOs in flight. To date none of those films has been released to the public for viewing. During a lecture at the Second National Conference on the Peaceful Uses of Space Research in Seattle, Washington, he stated: I don't feel like speculating about them. All I know is what appeared on the film which was developed after the flight. (Undated)

Capt. Edgar Mitchell Apollo 14 Astronaut:

The evidence points to the fact that Roswell was a real incident and that indeed an alien craft did crash, and that material was recovered from that site. We all know that UFOs are real. All we need to ask is where do they come from, and what do they want? (Undated)

Colonel Philip Corso Army Intelligence officer, former head of the Foreign Technology at the U.S. Army's Research and Development department at the Pentagon. Four years director of intelligence on President Eisenhower's White House National Security Staff:

Let there be no doubt. Alien technology harvested from the infamous saucer crash in Roswell, NM, in July 1947 led directly to the development of the integrated circuit chip, laser and fiber optic technologies, Particle beams, Electromagnetic propulsion systems, Depleted uranium projectiles, Stealth capabilities, and many others! How do I know? I was in charge! (A matter of public record)I think the kids on this planet are wise to the truth, and I think we ought to give it to them. I think they deserve it. (Undated)

Monsignor Corrado Balducci As stated 5 different times on Italian TV, Vatican theologian insider close to the Pope, Monsignor Balducci said that he is on a Vatican commission looking into extraterrestrial encounters, and how to cope with the emerging general realization of extraterrestrial contact:

Extraterrestrial contact is a real phenomenon. The Vatican is receiving much information about extraterrestrials and their contacts with humans from its Nuncios (embassies) in various countries, such as Mexico, Chile and Venezuela. (Undated)

J. Edgar Hoover, Former head of the FBI

In a handwritten note to Clyde Tolson (July 15, 1947)

I would do it but before agreeing to it, we must insist upon full access to disks recovered. For instance, in the L.A. case the Army grabbed it and would not let us have it for cursory examination.

Air Chief Marshal Lord Dowding, Commander in chief, Royal Air Force Fighter Command, An outpouring of UFO reports which forces response in high places, particularly when unknowns virtually blitzed the U.S. capitol in Washington, D.C. An Air Force intelligence analysis also concluded that UFOs were interplanetary spaceships.:

We must insist upon full access to disks recovered. For instance, in the L.A. case the Army grabbed it and would not let us have it for cursory examination. (1952)

General Walter Bedell Smith, Director of the CIA from 1950-53 stated:

The Central Intelligence Agency has reviewed the current situation concerning unidentified flying objects which have created extensive speculation in the press and have been the subject of concern to Government organizations, Since 1947, approximately 2,000 official reports of sightings have been received and of these, about 20% are as yet unexplained.

It is my view that this situation has possible implications for our national security which transcend the interests of a single service. A broader, coordinated effort should be initiated to develop a firm scientific understanding of the several phenomena which apparently are involved in these reports. (Undated)

General Nathan Twining Chairman, Joint chiefs of staff, 1955-1958:

The UFO phenomenon being reported is something real and not visionary or fictitious, There are objects probably approximating the shape of a disk, of such appreciable size as to appear to be as large as a man made aircraft. There is a possibility that some of the incidents may be caused by natural phenomena, such as meteors. The reported operating characteristics such as extreme rates of climb, maneuverability, particularly in roll, and action which must be considered evasive when sighted or contacted by friendly aircraft and radar, lend belief to the possibility that some of the objects are controlled either manually, automatically, or remotely. (Undated)

Major Donald E Keyhoe USMC, Director NICAP 1953:

With control of the universe at stake, a crash program is imperative. We produced the A-bomb, under the huge Manhattan Project, in an amazingly short time. The needs, the urgency today are even greater. The Air Force should end UFO secrecy, give the facts to scientists,the public, to Congress. Once the people realize the truth, they would back, even demand a crash program...for this is one race we dare not lose.

first Director of the CIA (1947-50). In 1957, he joined the Board of Governors of the National Investigations Committee on Aerial Phenomenon (NICAP), a UFO investigating group. In 1960, he stated:

Unknown objects are operating under intelligent control, It is imperative that we learn where UFOs come from and what their purpose is. I can tell you, behind the scenes, high ranking military officers are soberly concerned about the UFOs. (1960)

He also recommended:

It is time for the truth to be brought out in open Congressional hearings. Behind the scenes high ranking Air Force officers are soberly concerned about the UFOs. But through official secrecy and ridicule, many citizens are led to believe the unknown flying objects are nonsense. (1960)

Gen. Douglas MacArthur:

The next war will be an interplanetary war. The nations of the earth must someday make a common front against attack by people from other planets. The politics of the future will be cosmic, or interplanetary (1955)

You now face a new world - a world of change. The thrust into outer space of the satellite, spheres and missiles marked the beginning of another epoch in the long story of mankind, the chapter of the space age. We speak in strange terms: of harnessing the cosmic energy, of the primary target in war, no longer limited to the armed forces of an enemy, but instead to include his civil populations, of ultimate conflict between a united human race and the sinister forces of some other planetary galaxy. (1962)

General Curtis LeMay, Air Force Chief of Staff, in his 1965 autobiography, Mission With LeMay, stated that although the bulk of UFO reports could be explained as conventional or natural phenomena, some could not.

We had a number of reports from reputable individuals, well educated serious minded folks, scientists and fliers) who surely saw something.

Many of the mysteries might be explained away as weather balloons, stars, reflected lights, all sorts of odds and ends. I don't mean to say that, in the unclosed and unexplained or unexplainable instances, those were actually flying objects. All I can say is that no natural phenomena could be found to account for them, Repeat again: There were some cases we could not explain. Never could. (Undated)

U.S. Presidents

President Harry S. Truman:

I can assure you that flying saucers, given that they exist, are not constructed by any power on earth. (Undated)

President John F. Kennedy:

The US Air Force assures me that UFO's pose no threat to National Security. (Undated)

President John F. Kennedy to Bill Holden, steward on Air Force One flying over Germany, summer 1963 When Holden asked Kennedy what he thought about UFOs: I'd like to tell the public about the alien situation, but my hands are tied. (Undated)

President Richard M. Nixon:

I'm not at liberty to discuss the governments knowledge of extraterrestrial UFO's at this time. I am still personally being briefed on the subject. (Undated)

President Gerald Ford:

No doubt, you have noted the recent flurry of newspaper stories about unidentified flying objects, UFOs. I have taken special interest in these accounts because many of the latest reported sightings have been in my home state of Michigan, Because I think there may be substance to some of these reports and because I believe the American people are entitled to a more thorough explanation than has been given them by the Air Force to date, I am proposing that either the Science and Astronautics Committee or the Armed Services Committee of the House, schedule hearings on the subject of UFOs and invite testimony from both the executive branch of the Government and some of the persons who claim to have seen UFOs. In the firm belief that the American public deserves a better explanation than that thus far given by the Air Force, I strongly recommend that there be a committee investigation of the UFO phenomena. I think we owe it to the people to establish credibility regarding UFOs and to produce the greatest possible enlightenment on this subject. (1966)

I think about how quickly our differences worldwide would vanish if we were facing an alien threat from outside this world. And I ask you, does not this threat alread exsist? (1987)

President Jimmy Carter:

On the campaign trail, soon to be President Jimmy Carter:

Promises that upon election, he would make public all the government's information on UFO sightings. I don't laugh at people any more when they say they've seen UFOs. I've seen one myself! (1976)

President Ronald Reagen, Describing his 1974 UFO encounter to veteran newsman Norman C. Miller, then Washington bureau chief for the Wall Street Journal:

I looked out the window and saw this white light.It was zigzagging around. I went up to the pilot and said, Have you ever seen anything like that? He was shocked and he said, Nope. And I said to him: Let's follow it! We followed it for several minutes. It was a bright white light. We followed it to Bakersfield, and all of a sudden to our utter amazement it went straight up into the heavens. When I got off the plane I told Nancy all about it. (Undated)

President Ronald Reagan (UN address):

When you stop to think that we're all God's children, wherever we may live in the world, I couldn't help but say to him, just think how easy his task and mine might be in these meetings that we held if suddenly there was a threat to this world from some other species from another planet outside in the universe. We'd forget all the little local differences that we have between our countries and we would find out once and for all that we really are all human beings here on this earth together. (1985)

President Bill Clinton:

President Bill Clinton to Webb Hubbell shortly after Clinton had been elected to his first term.

If I put you over at The Department of Justice, I want you to find out two things:

1. Who killed JFK.

2. The truth about UFOs.

U.S. Members of Congress

Representative John W. McCormack, Speaker of the House stated in a November 4, 1960 letter to Major Donald Keyhoe:

Some three years ago, 1957, as chairman of the House Select Committee on Outer Space out of which came the recently established NASA, my Select Committee held executive sessions on the matter of Unidentified Flying Objects. We could not get much information at that time, although it was pretty well established by some in our minds that there were some objects flying around in space that were unexplainable. (1964)

I feel that the Air Force has not been giving out all the available information on the Unidentified Flying Objects. You cannot disregard so many unimpeachable sources. (1965)

Representative Jerry L. Pettis, stated in 1968 during the House Committee on Science and Astronautics hearing on UFOs:

Having spent a great deal of my life in the air, as a pilot, I know that many pilots, have seen phenomena that they could not explain. These men, most of whom have talked to me, have been very reticent to talk about this publicly, because of the ridicule that they were afraid would be heaped upon them, However, there is a phenomena here that isn't explained. (1968) Senator Barry Goldwater, Retired Air Force Brigadier General and pilot with many decades of flying experience:

Senator Barry Goldwater tries to gain access to a secret building at Wright Patterson AFB rumored to house top UFO material, but is refused. I certainly believe in aliens in space, and that they are indeed visiting our planet. They may not look like us, but I have very strong feelings that they have advanced beyond our mental capabilities.(1965)

The subject of UFOs is one that has interested me for some long time. About 10 or 12 years ago, I made an effort to find out what was in the building at Wright Patterson Air Force Base where the information is stored that has been collected by the Air Force, and I was understandably denied the request. It is still classified above Top Secret. I have, however, heard that there is a plan under way to release some, if not all, of this material in the near future. I'm just as anxious to see this material as you are, and I hope we will not have to wait too much longer. (1975)

In an April 11,1979 letter to Mr. Lee M. Graham, he added:

It is true I was denied access to a facility at Wright-Patterson. Because I never got in, I can't tell you what was inside. We both know about the rumors. Apart from that, let me make my position clear: I do not believe that we are the only planet of some two billion that exist that has life on it. I have never seen what I would call a UFO, but I have intelligent friends who have, so I can sort of argue either way. (1979)

Representative Steven H. Schiff, in response to inquiries from his constituents in 1993 concerning a possible cover up of the crash of an alleged UFO outside Roswell, NM in 1947, requested information from the Department of Defense. In a CBS radio interview in February 1994, he stated:

I wrote to the Dept. of Defense, laying out these allegations and asking them if someone could come over with the file and brief me on it. My intent was to simply release this back to whomever inquired, which is very routine in Congress. The response I got was not routine. The response I got was a very brief letter from the Air Force saying that my request had been referred to the National Archives, without any further comment, and without any offer of any kind of assistance in retrieving it. So I went to the National Archives and the National Archives wrote a letter back to me saying they didn't have anything in their files on the Roswell incident. I just have to say this much:

The way the Dept. of Defense has responded has not been routine.

Having been given a runaround in his search, he instigated an inquiry by the GAO in 1994 into the handling of Air Force files relating to this matter.

I did not ask the General Accounting Office to try once and for all to resolve this matter. What I asked the GAO to do was to assist me in locating whatever Air Force and Defense Department files would have existed on the subject, or an accounting of what happened to them.

To me the issue is government accountability. I think that people who want to see government records are entitled to see government records or to get an explanation of what happened to them, regardless of their reason, regardless of the subject matter. It was my intention simply to make that information public if I could, unless there is a present security reason why not, and I have to add real fast if the matter is classified military secret, we members of Congress can't just go monkeying around in there anytime we want. There are procedures for us too and that's fine with me.

I was not told that we have a file that's classified. I was simply referred to an agency which I have to believe, now that I know the prominence of the Roswell incident, 1 have to believe the Dept. of Defense knew very well that I wasn't going to find anything in the National Archives when they sent me there twice.

It's difficult for me to understand even if there was a legitimate security concern in 1947, that it would be a present security concern these many years later. Frankly I am baffled by the lack of responsiveness on the part of the Defense Dept. on this one issue, I simply can't explain it. (1994)

World Governments

Argentina

Argentine Navy. In the 1960s, the Argentine Navy was charged with the official investigation of UFO sightings, particularly those reported by its own personnel. A 1965 Official UFO Report prepared by Captain Sanchez Moreno from the Naval Air Station Comandante Espora in Bahia Blanca, revealed that::

Between 1950 and 1965, personnel of Argentina's Navy alone made 22 sightings of unidentified flying objects that were not airplanes, satellites, weather balloons or any type of known aerial vehicles. These 22 cases served as precedents for intensifying that investigation of the subject by the Navy. In the past two years, nine incidents have been recorded that are being studied by Captain Pagan, and a team of military and civilian scientists and collaborators. Likewise, a meticulous questionnaire was drafted, printed and distributed to different bases. In a short time, the Service of Naval Intelligence was in possession of a stack of highly significant reports of testimonies. On the basis of this important documentation, it was possible to obtain a coherent overview of the problem. (1979)

Captain Engineer Omar R. Pagani, Director of the Argentine Navy UFO investigation team in the 1960s. As a result of a series of observations at Argentine and Chilean meteorological stations on Deception Island, Antarctica, in June and July 1965, Captain Pagani disclosed at a press conference that:

The unidentified flying objects do exist. Their presence and intelligent displacement in the Argentine airspace has been proven. Their nature and origin is unknown and no judgement is made about them. (1965)

In addition, the Argentine Navy Bulletin #172 of July 7, 1965 reported:

From the Navy post at the South Orkney Islands comes a message of extreme importance: during the passage of the strange object over the base, earlier the same day, two magnetometers in perfect working condition registered sudden and strong disturbances of the magnetic field at 17:03 hrs), which were recorded on their tapes. (1987)

Belgium

Major General Wilfred De Brouwer, Deputy Chief, Royal Belgian Air Force:

In any case, the Air Force has arrived to the conclusion that a certain number of anomalous phenomena has been produced within Belgian airspace. The numerous testimonies of ground observations compiled in this SOBEPS book, reinforced by the reports of the night of March 30-31 1990, have led us to face the hypothesis that a certain number of unauthorized aerial activities have taken place. Until now, not a single trace of aggressiveness has been signalled;

Military or civilian air traffic has not been perturbed or threatened. We can therefore advance that the presumed activities do not constitute a concrete menace.

The day will come undoubtedly when the phenomenon will be observed with technological means of detection and collection that won't leave a single doubt about its origin. This should lift a part of the veil that has covered the UFO mystery for a long time. A mystery that continues to the present. But it exists, it is real, and that in itself is an important conclusion. (1991)

Brazil

Colonel Joao Adil Oliveira, Chief of the Air Force General Staff Information Service, led the first official military UFO inquiry in Brazil in the mid '50s. In a Briefing to the Army War College in Rio de Janeiro on November 2, 1954, Col. Oliveira stated:

I wish to give you a summary of what is known in the world about flying disks, of what is known about the opinion of qualified experts who have dealt with this matter. The problem of flying disck has polarized the attention of the whole world, but it's serious and it deserves to be treated seriously. Almost all the governments of the great powers are interested in it, dealing with it in a serious and confidential manner, due to its military interest. (1954)

Later promoted to the rank of Brigadier General, he was interviewed by the Brazilian press on February 28, 1958:

It is impossible to deny any more the existence of flying saucers at the present time. The flying saucer is not a ghost from another dimension or a mysterious dragon. It is a fact confirmed by material evidence. There are thousands of documents, photos, and sighting reports demonstrating its existence. For instance, when I went to the Air Force High command to discuss the flying saucers I called for ten witnesses, military, AF officers, and civilians to report their evidence about the presence of flying saucers in the skies of Rio Grande do Sul, and over Gravatal AFB, some of them had seen UFOs with the naked eye, others with high powered optical instruments. For more than two hours the phenomenon was present in the sky, impressing the selected audience of officers, engineers, technicians, etc. (1958) P>February 28, 1958; cited in Fontes, Olavo, M.D., UAO Sighting Over Trindade:

System of Investigation of Unidentified Aerial Objects, SIOANI. In 1969, the IV Aerial Zone in Sao Paulo, changed in 1973 to the IV Regional Aerial Command, IV COMAR, established a specialized UFO bureau called SIOANI, under Major, later Colonel, Gilberto Zani. A letter signed by Colonel Joao Glaser from the IV COMAR to the Brazilian UFO group CPDV, dated November 28, 1984, gives a summary of SIOANI's functions:

From 1969 to 1972, the ufological activities of this organization, SIOANI, were most varied, including the elaboration of information bulletins, a draft of SIOANI regulations, contacts with interested parties, panels, catalogs of contacts and others, always attempting to contribute in this field of research that was already well known in Brazil.". (1960)

Ministry of Aeronautics. A letter signed by Air Force Colonel Sergio Candiota da Silva, Assistant to the Minister of Aeronautics, to Brazilian UFO researcher Irene Granchi, dated December 19, 1988, acknowledges that the Ministry investigates UFO reports:

His Excellency recognizes the importance of the UFO matter, to the extent that within the Ministry of Aeronautics there exists a Bureau in charge of studying the matter, receiving, analyzing and archiving chronologically the phenomena observed in Brazilian airspace that comes to the attention of this Ministry. (1988)

Canada

Wilbert Smith, Senior radio engineer with the Department of Transport, headed Project Magnet, the first Canadian government UFO investigation in the 1950s. He stated in a Top Secret Memorandum:

The matter is the most highly classified subject in the United States Government, rating higher even than the H-bomb. Flying saucers exist. Their modus operandi, or method of operation, is unknown but a concentrated effort is being made by a small group headed by Doctor Vannevar Bush. The entire matter is considered by the United States authorities to be of tremendous significance. (1950)

England

Sir Winston Churchill, when Prime Minister, asked to be thoroughly briefed:

What does all this stuff about flying saucers amount to? What can it mean? What is the truth? (1952)

Prince Phillip, His Royal Highness, Duke of Edinburgh. Having been interested in the subject of UFOs since the early 1950s, he has stated:

There are many reasons to believe that they, UFOs, do exist: there is so much evidence from reliable witnesses. (1954)

Air Chief Marshal Lord Dowding, Commander in Chief of RAF Fighter Command during the Battle of Britain, made the following comment to the press in 1954:

More than 10,000 sightings have been reported, the majority of which cannot be accounted for by any scientific explanation, I am convinced that these objects do exist and that they are not manufactured by any nation on earth. I can therefore see no alternative to accepting the theory that they come from some extraterrestrial source. (1954)

Earl of Kimberly, former Liberal Party spokesman on aerospace, and member of the House of Lords:

UFOs defy worldly logic. The human mind cannot begin to comprehend UFO characteristics: their propulsion, their sudden appearance, their disappearance, their great speeds, their silence, their manoeuvre, their apparent antigravity, their changing shapes. (1979)

Lord Davies of Leek, Member of the House of Lords:

If one human being out of tens of thousands who allege to have seen these phenomena is telling the truth, then there is a dire need for us to look into the matter. (Undated)

Lord Rankeillour, Member of the House of Lords:

Many men have seen them, UFOs, and have not been mistaken. Who are we to doubt their word? Only a few weeks ago a Palermo policeman photographed one, and four Italian Navy officers saw a 300-foot long fiery craft rising from the sea and disappearing into the sky. Why should these men of law enforcement and defense lie? (Undated)

Lord Hill-Norton, GCB, Chief of Defense Staff, Ministry of Defense, Great Britain, 1971-73, In 1987, he wrote the Foreword to a book written by British UFO researcher Timothy Good, Above Top Secret, in which he stated:

The evidence that there are objects which have been seen in our atmosphere, and even on terra firma, that cannot be accounted for either as man made objects or as any physical force or effect known to our scientists seems to me to be overwhelming. A very large number of sightings have been vouched for by persons whose credentials seem to me unimpeachable. It is striking that so many have been trained observers, such as police officers and airline or military pilots. Their observations have in many instances, been supported either by technical means such as radar or, even more convincingly, by interference with electrical apparatus of one sort or another. (Undated)

France

General Lionel M. Chassin, Commanding General of the French Air Forces, and General Air Defense Coordinator, Allied Air Forces, Central Europe, NATO. From 1964 until his death in 1970, he was president of the French private UFO research group GEPA:

The number of thoughtful, intelligent, educated people in full possession of their faculties who have seen something and described it, grows every day. We can say categorically that mysterious objects have indeed appeared and continue to appear in the sky that surrounds us.

He observed that some UFO sightings by different persons over a 24 hour period, when plotted on a map, revealed that the UFO appeared to travel in either a straight line or a large circle. Concerning these patterns, he concluded:

Webs and networks... unmistakably suggest a systematic aerial exploration and cannot be the result of chance. It indicates purposive and intelligent action. (1958

M. Robert Galley, French Minister of Defense, interviewed on radio by Jean-Claude Bourret, on February 21, 1974, stated:

I must say that if listeners could see for themselves the mass of reports coming in from the airborne gendarmerie, from the mobile gendarmerie, and from the gendarmerie charged with the job of conducting investigations, all of which reports are forwarded by us to the National Center for Space Studies, then they would see that it is all pretty disturbing. I believe that the attitude of spirit that we must adopt vis-a-vis this phenomena is an open one, that is to say that it doesn't consist in denying apriori, as our ancestors of previous centuries did deny many things that seem nowadays perfectly elementary. (1975)

French Space Agency. Since 1977, France has maintained an office for investigating UFO reports attached to the National Center for Space Studies, CNES, in Toulouse. The original bureau GEPAN, Groupe d'Etudes des Phenomenes Aerospatiaux) was changed in 1988 into the current SEPRA, Service d'Expertise des Phenomenes de Rentrees Atmospheriques. GEPAN/SEPRA has analyzed the best UFO reports collected by the National Gendarmerie, relying on laboratories and scientific centers throughout France for many of its investigations. After reviewing hundreds of UFO reports collected by the Gendarmerie between 1974 and 1978, 19 experts at GEPAN completed a report of 5 volumes for the GEPAN Scientific Committee, supervised by Dr. Claude Poher, Ph.D. in astronomy, the founder and first director of GEPAN. The expert team concluded:

Taking into account the facts that we have gathered from the observers and from the location of their observations, we concluded that there generally can be said to be a material phenomenon behind the observations. In 60% of the cases reported here, the description of this phenomenon is apparently one of a flying machine whose origin, modes of lifting and/or propulsion are totally outside our knowledge. The study of the observed phenomenon seems to us, by its extraordinary characteristics, potentially able to bring to humankind knowledge and eventually techniques of considerable importance. We suggest that a deep study of this phenomenon be undertaken with a high degree of priority (1978)

Jean-Jacques Velasco, the last head of GEPAN and current director of SEPRA at CNES Headquarters in Toulouse. In an interview with the French magazine Phenomena, Velasco stated that SEPRA's primary task was tracking satellite re-entries, which are more and more numerous, and secondly, to continue the activities of GEPAN, stopped in 1988." He further stated:

There are cases which remain unexplained. Let's say simply that the events which were registered and measured, particularly at Trans-en-Provence, but also in the case of I'Amarante, a CE-II on Oct. 21, 1982, and two others, allow us to suppose that there are phenomena which escape our understanding completely. I must say that this permits us to suppose that there is an intelligence behind the phenomena. But I believe it would be largely speculation to go beyond this point. (1991)

Hungary

George Keleti, Minister of Defense:

I believe that we are not alone in the universe and other galaxies are also carrying life on the planets. I never saw any alien green men here on the Earth. Yes, I was a columnist, in Budapest's Ufomagazin, and I published UFO cases that were observed and registered within the Hungarian armed forces. I never stated that we are preparing any kind of action against UFO forces, I only pointed out to the public that, as a civilization, we would be unable to defend ourselves here on the Earth... Around Szolnok many UFO reports have been received from the Ministry of Defense, which obviously and logically means that they, UFOs, know very well where they have to land and what they have to do. It is remarkable indeed that the Hungarian newspapers, in general newspapers everywhere, reject the reports of the authorities. (1994)

Indonesia

Air Marshall Roesmin Nurjadin, Commander-in-Chief of the Indonesian Air Force, stated:

UFOs sighted in Indonesia are identical with those sighted in other countries. Sometimes they pose a problem for our air defence and once we were obliged to open fire on them. (1967)

Air Commander J. Salutun, Member of Parliament and Secretary of the National Aerospace Council of the Republic of Indonesia, stated:

I am convinced that we must study the UFO problem seriously for reasons of sociology, technology and security. (1974)

Japan

General Kanshi Ishikawa, Chief of Staff of Japan's Air Self-Defense Force; Commander of the 2nd Air Wing, Chitose Air Base, he stated:

Much evidence tells us UFOs have been tracked by radar, so, UFOs are real and they may come from outer space. UFO photographs and various materials show scientifically that there are more advanced people piloting the saucers and motherships. (1967)

Toshiki Kaifu, Prime Minister, gave a brief interview to students of Waseda University in Tokyo in November 1 989. The question of whether Japan had an official UFO organization was discussed:

Japan does not have such organizations at a government level. If young people display a serious interest in similar phenomena, we should perhaps think of forming a UFO data collecting group under the auspices of the Ministry of Education. (1989)

A year later, concerning an upcoming Symposium on Space and UFOs, he stated:

First of all, I told a magazine this past January that, as an underdeveloped country with regards to the UFO problem, Japan had to take into account what should be done about the UFO question, and that we had to spend more time on these matters. In addition, I said that someone had to solve the UFO problem with far reaching vision at the same time. Secondly, I believe it is a reasonable time to take the UFO problem seriously as a reality. I hope that this Symposium will contribute to peace on earth from the point of view of outer space, and take the first step toward the international cooperation in the field of UFOs. From the point of view of 'people' in outer space, all human beings on earth are the same people, regardless of whether they are American, Russian, Japanese, or whoever. (1990)

Spain

General Carlos Castro Cavero, General in the Spanish Air Force, at one time Commander of Spain's Third Aerial Region. In an interview with journalist J.J. Benitez, he acknowledged that UFOs were taken quite seriously by the Spanish military. He added:

Everything is in a process of investigation both in the United States and in Spain, as well as in the rest of the world. Look, as a General, as a military man, I have the same position as the one officially held by the Ministry of Defense. Now, from a personal position, as Carlos Castro Cavero, I believe that UFOs are spaceships or extraterrestrial craft. The nations of the world are currently working together in the investigation of the UFO phenomenon. There is an international exchange of data. Maybe when this group of nations acquire more precise and definite information, it will be possible to release the news to the world. (1976)

During the same interview, the General described a daytime UFO sighting at his ranch near Zaragoza:

I myself have observed one for more than an hour. It was an extremely bright object, which remained stationary there for that length of time and then shot off towards Egea de los Caballeros, covering the distance of 12 miles in less than two seconds. No human device is capable of such a speed. He added that the Spanish Air Ministry investigated UFO cases, including instances in which pilots had flown alongside UFOs, but when they tried to get closer, the UFOs moved away at fantastic speeds. The investigations were kept confidential at the time, but in 1992 the Spanish Air Force finally began to declassify its UFO files systematically. (1976)

USSR/RUSSIA

Mikhail Gorbachev, Premiere of the Soviet Union:

In spite of all the differences between us, we must all learn to preserve our one big family of humanity. At our meeting in Geneva, the U.S. President said that if the earth faced an invasion by extraterrestrials, the United States and the Soviet Union would join forces to repel such an invasion. I shall not dispute the hypothesis, though I think it's early yet to worry about such an intrusion. (1987)

In reply to the question, Does the USSR government study UFOs?, asked while visiting the Uralmash plant in Sverdlovsk, he answered:

I know that there are scientific organizations which study this problem. The phenomenon of UFOs does exist, and it must be treated seriously. (1990)

Zimbabwe

On July 22, 1985, in western Zimbabwe, a UFO was witnessed by dozens of persons on the ground and in the control tower at Bulawayo Airport, as well as by the pilots of two Hawk jets that were scrambled to pursue it. The UFO was also tracked on radar. The UFO was very bright and rounded, with a short cone above it, and evaded the Hawk jets.

Air Marshal Azim Daudpota:

This was no ordinary UFO. Scores of people saw it. It was no illusion, no deception, no imagination. (1985)

Air Commodore David Thorne, Director General of Operations in a letter to Timothy Good stated:

Although not speaking officially, as far as my Air Staff is concerned, we believe implicitly that the unexplained UFOs are from some civilization beyond our planet. (1985)

Educators, Scientists, Proffesors & Astronomers

United States

Dr. Clyde W. Tombaugh, American astronomer who discovered the planet Pluto. On August 20, 1949, he observed a UFO what appeared as a geometrically arranged group of 6 to 8 rectangles of light, window like in appearance and yellowish green in color, which moved from northwest to southeast over Las Cruces, New Mexico. He stated:

I doubt that the phenomenon was any terrestrial reflection, because nothing of the kind has ever appeared before or since. I was so unprepared for such a strange sight that I was really petrified with astonishment. (Undated)

Dr. Carl Sagan, Professor of Astronomy and Space Sciences at Cornell University:

It now seems quite clear that Earth is not the only inhabited planet. There is evidence that the bulk of the stars in the sky have planetary systems. Recent research concerning the origin of life on Earth suggests that the physical and chemical processes leading to the origin of life occur rapidly in the early history of the majority of planets. The selective value of intelligence and technical civilization is obvious, and it seems likely that a large number of planets within our Milky Way galaxy, perhaps as many as a million, are inhabited by technical civilizations in advance of our own. Interstellar space flight is far beyond our present technical capabilities, but there seems to be no fundamental physical objections to preclude, from our own vantage point, the possibility of its development by other civilizations. (1963)

Dr. Frank B. Salisbury, Professor of Plant Physiology at Utah State University:

I must admit that any favorable mention of the flying saucers by a scientist amounts to extreme heresy and places the one making the statement in danger of excommunication by the scientific theocracy. Nevertheless, in recent years I have investigated the story of the unidentified flying object (UFO), and I am no longer able to dismiss the idea lightly. (1966)

Professor Michio Kaku, Author of Theoretical Physics UNY:

In my mind, there is no question that they're out there. My Career is well established. My texts books are required reading in all the major capitals on planet earth. If you want to become a physist to learn about the unified feild therory, you read my books. Therefore, I'm in a position to say:

Yes. Most likely they're out there, perhaps even visted, perhaps on our moon. (Undated)

Dr. J Allen Hynek, Chairman of the Department of Astronomy at Northwestern University and scientific consultant for Air Force investigations of UFOs from 1948 until 1969, Projects SignSign, Grudge and Blue Book. Over his long career, he made numerous comments about the scientific implications of the UFO phenomenon:

I've been convinced for a long time that the flying saucers are real and interplanetary. Another words we are being watched by beings from outer space.

Despite the seeming inanity of the subject, I felt that I would be derelict in my scientific responsibility to the Air Force if I did not point out that the whole UFO phenomenon might have aspects to it worthy of scientific attention.

I have begun to feel that there is a tendency in 20th Century science to forget that there will be a 21st Century science, and indeed a 30th Century science, from which vantage points our knowledge of the universe may appear quite different than it does to us. We suffer, perhaps, from temporal provincialism, a form of arrogance that has always irritated posterity.

Of course it is possible that UFO's really do contain aliens as many people believe, and the Government is hushing it up. (1966)

When one gets reports from scientists, engineers and technicians whose credibility by all common standards is high and whose moral caliber seems to preclude a hoax, one can do no less than hear them out, in all seriousness. (1967)

There exists a phenomenon, that is worthy of systematic rigorous study, The body of data point to an aspect or domain of the natural world not yet explored by science, When the long awaited solution to the UFO problem comes, I believe that it will prove to be not merely the next small step in the march of science but a mighty and totally unexpected quantum jump. (1972)

Dr. Leo Sprinkle, Professor of psychology at the University of Wyoming had his first UFO sighting in 1951 when he and a friend saw something in the sky, round and metallic looking. In 1956, he had a second sighting while driving with his wife near Boulder, Colorado:

We watched it for quite a few minutes. We could see it was larger than the headlights of the cars below. And we could see it was not attached to anything. And there was no sound. I became frightened actually, because it wasn't anything I could understand...from a personal viewpoint, I am pretty well convinced that we are being surveyed. (1967)

Dr. James E. McDonald, Senior Physicist at the Institute of Atmospheric Physics at the University of Arizona, testified at the UFO hearings convened by the House Committee on on Science and Astronautics:

The type of UFO reports that are most intriguing are close range sightings of machine like objects of unconventional nature and unconventional performance characteristics, seen at low altitudes, and sometimes even on the ground. The general public is entirely unaware of the large number of such reports that are coming from credible witnesses. When one starts searching for such cases, their number are quite astonishing. Also, such sightings appear to be occurring all over the globe. (1968)

Dr. Robert M. L. Baker, Jr., President of West Coast University, author of two astrodynamics textbooks, head of Lockheed's Astrodynamics Research Center 1961-64, member of the faculty of Astronomy and Engineering at UCLA 1959-71:

He has specialized in the study of motion pictures of UFOs and anomalistic radar images, and has concluded that two of the most famous UFO motion pictures, taken in the 1950s, cannot be explained in terms of conventional phenomena.

In 1968, he made the following statement concerning the one U.S. radar system in operation at that time that, to his knowledge, exhibited sufficient continuous coverage to reveal UFOs operating above the earth's atmosphere:

Of course it is possible that UFO's really do contain aliens as many people believe, and the Government is hushing it up. (Undated)

The system is partially classified and, hence, I cannot go into great detail. Since this particular sensor system has been in operation, there have been a number of anomalistic alarms. Alarms that, as of this date, have not been explained on the basis of natural phenomena interference, equipment malfunction or inadequacy, or man made space objects. (1968)

Professor Stephen Hawking:

Of course it is possible that UFO's really do contain aliens as many people believe, and the Government is hushing it up. (Undated)

The Bible According to Albert Einstein:

Given the millions of billions of Earth-like planets, life elsewhere in the Universe without a doubt, does exist. In the vastness of the Universe we are not alone. (Undated)

Dr. Herman Oberth (The father of modern rockerty):

It is my thesis that flying saucers are real and that they are space ships from another solar system.There is no doubt in my mind that these objects are interplanetary craft of some sort. I and my colleagues are confident that they do not originate in our solar system. (Undated)

Dr. Walther Riedel (Once chief designer and research director at the German rocket center in Peenemunde):

I am completely convinced that UFOs have an out of world basis. (Undated)

Dr. Harold Puthoff (Director, Institute for advanced studies at Austin, Author of fundamentals of Quantum Electronics):

The possibility of reduced-time interstellar travel either by advanced extraterrestrial civilizations at present or ourselves in the future, is not fundamentally constrained by physical principles. (Undated)

Dr. Maurice Biot (leading aerodynamicists and mathematical physicist):

The least improbable explanation is that these things are artificial and controlled, My opinion for some time has been that they have an extraterrestrial origin. (Undated)

Stanton T. Friedman, nuclear physicist and well known UFO researcher, responsible for the original investigation of the Roswell, NM incident. In a prepared statement submitted to the House Science and Astronautics Committee UFO Hearings in 1968, he posed and answered a series of key questions about the UFO phenomenon:

1. To what conclusions have you come with regard to UFOs? I have concluded that the earth is being visited by intelligently controlled vehicles whose origin is extraterrestrial. This doesn't mean I know where they come from, why they are here, or how they operate.

2. What basis do you have for these conclusions? Eyewitness and photographic and radar reports from all over the earth by competent witnesses of definite objects whose characteristics such as maneuverability, high speed, and hovering, along with definite shape, texture, and surface features, rule out terrestrial explanations.

3. Were there any differences between the unknowns and the knowns? A chi-square statistical analysis was performed comparing the unknowns in this study to all the knowns. It was shown that the probability that the unknowns came from the same population of sighting reports as the knowns, was less than 1%. This was based on apparent color, velocity, etc... Maneuverability, one of the most distinguished characteristics of UFOs, was not included in this statistical analysis. (1968)

Dr. Margaret Mead, world-renowned anthropologist, stated:

There are unidentified flying objects. That is, there are a hard core of cases perhaps 20% to 30% percent in different studies, for which there is no explanation. We can only imagine what purpose lies behind the activities of these quiet, harmlessly cruising objects that time and again approach the earth. The most likely explanation, it seems to me, is that they are simply watching what we are up to. (1974)

Dr. Harold Puthoff, Director, Institute for advanced studies at Austin, Author of fundamentals of Quantum Electronics:

The possibility of reduced time interstellar travel either by advanced extraterrestrial civilizations at present or ourselves in the future, is not fundamentally constrained by physical principles. (Undated)

American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics UFO Subcommittee. The AIAA established a subcommittee in 1967 to look into the UFO question. The UFO Subcommittee issued several reports and statements, including in depth studies of two UFO incidents. The UFO Subcommittee stated that its most important conclusion was that government agencies consider funding UFO research:

From a scientific and engineering standpoint, it is unacceptable to simply ignore substantial numbers of unexplained observations, the only promising approach is a continuing moderate-level effort with emphasis on improved data collection by objective means, involving available remote sensing capabilities and certain software changes. (1980)

Dr. Richard Haines, Psychologist specializing in pilot and astronaut human factors research for the Ames NASA Research Center in California, from where he retired in 1988 as Chief of the Space Human Factors Office. He has stated:

We're not dealing with mental projections or hallucinations on the part of the witness but with a real physical phenomenon. (1980)

A principal focus of his UFO research concerns aircraft cases:

Reports of anomalous aerial objects (AAO) appearing in the atmosphere continue to be made by pilots of almost every airline and air force of the world in addition to private and experimental test pilots. This paper presents a review of 56 reports of AAO in which electromagnetic effects, E-M, take place onboard the aircraft when the phenomenon is located nearby but not before it appeared or after it had departed.

Reported E-M effects included radio interference or total failure, radar contact with and without simultaneous visual contact, magnetic and/or gyro compass deviations, automatic direction finder failure or interference, engine stopping or interruption, dimming cabin lights, transponder failure, and military aircraft weapon system failure.

Dr. Peter A. Sturrock, Professor of Space Science and Astrophysics and Deputy Director of the Center for Space Sciences and Astrophysics at Stanford University, Director of the Skylab Workshop on Solar Flares in 1977. He has stated:

The definitive resolution of the UFO enigma will not come about unless and until the problem is subjected to open and extensive scientific study by the normal procedures of established science. This requires a change in attitude primarily on the part of scientists and administrators in universities. (1977)

Although, the scientific community has tended to minimize the significance of the UFO phenomenon, certain individual scientists have argued that the phenomenon is both real and significant. Such views have been presented in the Hearings of the House Committee on Science and Astronautics, and elsewhere. It is also notable that one major national scientific society, the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, set up a subcommittee in 1967 to gain a fresh and objective perspective on the UFO phenomenon. (1967)

In their public statements, but not necessarily in their private statements, scientists express a generally negative attitude towards the UFO problem, and it is interesting to try to understand this attitude. Most scientists have never had the occasion to confront evidence concerning the UFO phenomenon. To a scientist, the main source of hard information, other than his own experiments & observations, is provided by the scientific journals. With rare exceptions, scientific journals do not publish reports of UFO observations. The decision not to publish is made by the editor acting on the advice of reviewers. This process is self reinforcing, the apparent lack of data confirms the view that there is nothing to the UFO phenomenon, and this view works against the presentation of relevant data. (1987)

Dr. Jacques Vallee, astrophysicist, computer scientist and world renowned researcher and author on UFOs and paranormal phenomena. He worked closely with Dr. J. Allen Hynek. Commenting on the need for science to search beyond the superficial appearances of reality:

Skeptics, who flatly deny the existence of any unexplained phenomenon in the name of rationalism, are among the primary contributors to the rejection of science by the public. People are not stupid and they know very well when they have seen something out of the ordinary. When a so called expert tells them the object must have been the moon or a mirage, he is really teaching the public that science is impotent or unwilling to pursue the study of the unknown. (1990)

In his last book, he reveals from his diaries how the government has deliberately misled the scientific world, the media and the public regarding their information on UFOs and paranormal research:

It is unusual for scientists to keep diaries and even more unusual for them to make them public. I have followed this rule of silence for the last thirty years, but I have finally decided that I had no right to keep them private anymore. They provide a primary source about a crucial fact in the recent historical record: the appearance of new classes of phenomena that highlighted the reality of the paranormal. These phenomena were deliberately denied or distorted by those in authority within the government and the military. Science never had fair and complete access to the most important files.

The 13 years covered here, from 1957 to 1969, saw some of the most exciting events in technological history. Behind the grand parade of the visible breakthroughs in science, however, more private mysteries were also taking place:

All over the world people had begun to observe what they described as controlled devices in the sky. They were shaped like saucers or spheres. They seemed to violate every known principle in our physics.

Governments took notice, organizing task forces, encouraging secret briefings and study groups, funding classified research and all the time denying before the public that any of the phenomena might be real. The major revelation of these Diaries may be the demonstration of how the scientific community was misled by the government, how the best data were kept hidden, and how the public record was shamelessly manipulated. (1992)

Dr. John E. Mack, Professor of psychiatry at The Cambridge Hospital, Harvard Medical School, and founding director of the Center for Psychology and Social Change. A 1977 Pulitzer Prize winner for his biography of Lawrence of Arabia, Dr. Mack has studied the subject of UFO abductions in recent years:

I will stress once again that we do not know the source from which the UFOs or the alien beings come, whether or not, for example, they originate in the physical universe as modern astrophysics has described it. But they manifest in the physical world and bring about definable consequences in that domain. (1994)

Belgium

Dr. Auguste Meessen, Professor of physics at the Catholic University in Louvain and one of the scientific consultants for the Belgian Society for the Study of Space Phenomena, SOBEPS. In an interview with French journalist, Marie Therese de Brosses, Professor Meessen discussed the recent UFO wave in Belgium:

There are too many independent eyewitness reports to ignore. Too many of the reports describe coherent physical effects, and there is an agreement among the accounts concerning what was observed. But of course there are also physical effects. The Air Force report [of the F-16 jet scramble incident on the night of March 30-31, 1990, allows us to approach the problem in a rational and scientific way. The simplest hypothesis is that the reports are caused by extraterrestrial visitors, but that hypothesis carries with it other problems. We are not in a rush to form a conclusion, but continue to study the mystery. (1990)

China

Chinese Academy of Social Sciences. One of the branches of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences is the China UFO Research Organization, CURO. As of 1985, CURO had 20,000 members, and two publications, the Journal of UFO Research and Space Exploration. The Journal's first issue in 1981 included an article by Comrade Bang Wen-Gwang of the Chinese Academy of Sciences' Beijing Astronomical Research Society. The article stated in part:

In this field, Ufology, prejudice will take you farther from the truth than ignorance. But with a topic such as UFOs, where does the scientific method begin? And where does it end? This grand endeavor would consist of the serious recording of the enormous available data and the use of all scientific procedures for the purpose of analysis. China is so vast, and UFOs are certainly being witnessed again and again all throughout China, and China most definitely will evolve her own indigenous school of UFO researchers. This is our sincerest and deepest hope. (1981)

China

Chinese Academy of Social Sciences. One of the branches of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences is the China UFO Research Organization, CURO. As of 1985, CURO had 20,000 members, and two publications, the Journal of UFO Research and Space Exploration. The Journal's first issue in 1981 included an article by Comrade Bang Wen-Gwang of the Chinese Academy of Sciences' Beijing Astronomical Research Society. The article stated in part:

In this field, Ufology, prejudice will take you farther from the truth than ignorance. But with a topic such as UFOs, where does the scientific method begin? And where does it end? This grand endeavor would consist of the serious recording of the enormous available data and the use of all scientific procedures for the purpose of analysis. China is so vast, and UFOs are certainly being witnessed again and again all throughout China, and China most definitely will evolve her own indigenous school of UFO researchers. This is our sincerest and deepest hope. (1981)

UFO Scientific Conference in Darlian. In 1985, the government newspaper, China Daily, reported that a UFO Scientific Conference was held in Darlian, with some forty papers presented on various aspects of UFO research. Professor Liang Renglin of Guangzhou Jinan University, Chairman of CURO, stated in the Darlian Conference that more than 600 UFO reports had been made in China during the past five years. The article concluded:

UFOs are an unresolved mystery with profound influence in the world. (1985)

France

Dr. Pierre Guerin, senior researcher at the French National Council for Scientific Research,CNRS, has written extensively about the need for scientific research in the UFO field. He concluded a summary of the UFO evidence published in Sciences & Avenir in 1972 with the following words:

At the very least, it is already possible to show scientifically the evidence for physico chemical modifications affecting sometimes the ground of alleged landing sites, as well as the effects produced on the vegetation. Such research has already begun and doesn't necessarily require large sums.

The UFO problem in its totality, nevertheless, cannot be really understood unless our science someday is able to propose physical models that take into account the observed phenomena. We are not able to know if this will ever occur, and in any event, we are still very far from that stage. (1972)

Dr. Claude Poher, expert on aeronautics, astronomy and astronautics, engineer at the French Space Agency, CNES, for 30 years, specializing in rocket propulsion and nuclear space energy, former Chairman of many working groups in the International Astronautical Federation, founder of GEPAN in May 1977 and its first Director until 1979. Before creating GEPAN, he had studied the UFO phenomenon for many years and had access to French military and police UFO files, including classified reports. In a report on UFOs for French officials, he wrote:

The phenomenon seems to be real. The general coherence of sighting reports worldwide should not leave researchers indifferent. One does not conceive objective arguments to justify an attitude that would avoid at all cost these observations. The risk is, at worst, to confirm the existence of unknown vehicles appearing erratically into our atmosphere, a hypothesis that seems to explain nearly all reported aspects of the phenomenon and could be linked to the current, 1970, exobiology branch of space research. (1971)

He further comments on the science and technology implied by the eyewitness descriptions of the phenomenon:

Given the volume of the objects described in the observations, I can affirm that our futuristic space generators are far from being able to produce the amount of energy seen by the UFO witnesses. The light power seen is probably the tip of the iceberg, because no thermodynamic system can produce energy without dissipating a part of it. The megawatts of observed light are most likely the energy leak from the energy conversion system used by the flying object, which means that the useful energy produced is much greater than what is seen.

The knowledge of such an energy production method is crucial for the future of mankind. The UFO observation reports tells us that ambitious, entirely new, solutions are possible. This is very important. (1995)

Germany

Professor Hermann Oberth, German rocket expert considered, with Robert Goddard and Konstantin Tsiolkovsky, one of the three fathers of the space age. In 1955, Dr. Werner von Braun invited him to the U.S. where he worked on rockets with the Army Ballistic Missile Agency and later NASA. Oberth's active interest in UFOs began in 1954:

It is my thesis that flying saucers are real and that they are space ships from another solar system. I think that they possibly are manned by intelligent observers who are members of a race that may have been investigating our Earth for centuries. I think that they possibly have been sent out to conduct systematic, long range investigations, first of men, animals, vegetation, and more recently of atomic centers, armaments and centers of armament production. (1954)

As a rocket scientist and space pioneer, Prof. Oberth paid close attention to the propulsion aspect of UFO research:

They are flying by means of artificial fields of gravity. They produce high tension electric charges in order to push the air out of their paths, so it does not start glowing, and strong magnetic fields to influence the ionized air at higher altitudes. First, this would explain their luminosity... Secondly, it would explain the noiselessness of UFO flight. Finally, this assumption also explains the strong electrical and magnetic effects sometimes, though not always, observed in the vicinity of UFOs. (1962)

It is my conclusion that UFOs do exist, are very real, and are spaceships from another or more than one solar system. They are possibly manned by intelligent observers who are members of a race carrying out long range scientific investigations of our earth for centuries. (1974)

Greece

Dr. Paul Santorini, Greek physicist and engineer credited with developing the proximity fuse for the Hiroshima atomic bomb, two patents for the guidance system used in the U.S. Nike missiles, and a centimetric radar system. He has stated that he believes UFOs are under intelligent control. In 1947, he investigated a series of UFO reports over Greece that were initially thought to be Soviet missiles. He stated:

We soon established that they were not missiles. But, before we could do any more, the Army, after conferring with foreign officials, ordered the investigation stopped. Foreign scientists flew to Greece for secret talks with me. A world blanket of secrecy surrounded the UFO question because the authorities were unwilling to admit the existence of a force against which we had no possibility of defense. (1974)

Switzerland

Dr. Carl Gustav Jung, Pioneer of psychiatry, stated in 1954:

A purely psychological explanation is ruled out... the discs show signs of intelligent guidance, by quasi human pilots, the authorities in possession of important information should not hesitate to enlighten the public as soon and as completely as possible. (1955)

Unfortunately, however, there are good reasons why the UFOs cannot be disposed of in this simple manner. It remains an established fact, supported by numerous observations, that UFOs have not only been seen visually but have also been picked up on the radar screen and have left traces on the photographic plate. It boils down to nothing less than this: that either psychic projections throw back a radar echo, or else the appearance of real objects affords an opportunity for mythological projections. (1967)

USSR/RUSSIA

Unidentified flying objects are a very serious subject which we must study fully. We appeal to all viewers to send us details of strange flying craft seen over the territories of the Soviet Union. This is a serious challenge to science and we need the help of all Soviet citizens. (1967)

Observations show that UFOs behave sensibly. In a group formation flight, they maintain a pattern. They are most often spotted over airfields, atomic stations and other very new engineering installations. On encountering aircraft, they always maneuver so as to avoid direct contact. A considerable list of these seemingly intelligent actions gives the impression that UFOs are investigating, perhaps even reconnoitering. The important thing now is for us to discard any preconceived notions about UFOs and to organize on a global scale a calm, sensation free and strictly scientific study of this strange phenomenon. The subject and aims of the investigation are so serious that they justify all efforts. It goes without saying that international cooperation is vital. (1968)

In an interview with Henri Gris he stated:

We have seen these UFOs over the USSR, craft of every possible shape, small, big, flattened, spherical. They are able to remain stationary in the atmosphere or to shoot along at 62,000 miles per hour. They are also able to affect our power resources, halting our electricity generating plants, our radio stations, and our engines, without however leaving any permanent damage. So refined a technology can only be the fruit of an intelligence that is indeed far superior to man. (1981)

Institute of Space Research of the Soviet Academy of Sciences published in 1979, a 74-page statistical analysis of over 250 UFO cases reported in the Soviet Union. After stating that hallucinations, errors, and conventional explanations, aircraft, satellites, etc., could not account for many of the reports, the study concluded:

Obviously, the question of the nature of the anomalous phenomena still should be considered open. To obtain more definite conclusions, more reliable data must be available. Reports on observations of anomalous phenomena have to be well documented. The production of such reports must be organized through the existing network of meteorological, geophysical, and astronomical observation stations, as well as through other official channels. In our opinion, the Soviet and foreign data accumulated so far justifies setting such studies. (1980)

USSR Scientific Commissions. The Soviet press was informed in the mid 80s that the Ail Union Council of Scientific and Technical Societies, now the Council of Scientific and Engineering Societies, had set up a non governmental Commission on Paranormal Events, headed by V.S. Troitsky, a Corresponding Member of the USSR Academy of Sciences. A glimpse at the activities of the Commission was published in 1989 by members A. Petukhov and T. Faminskaya:

Of special value are the archives set up by the Commission. They contain over 13,000 reports connected with PEs, Paranormal Events, and with UFOs in particular. UFOs have been seen to hover over ground objects, to chase or fly side by side with airplanes and cars, to follow geometrically regular trajectories, and to send out ordered flashes of light. In other words, such paranormals behave, from the viewpoint of human beings, quite often showing capabilities yet beyond the reach of the machines built on the Earth (1989)

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